Serlio, Sebastiano

Serlio, Sebastiano
(1475-c. 1553)
   Architect from Bologna who trained with Donato Bramante in Rome. After the 1527 sack of Rome, Serlio moved to Venice where he lived until 1541, when he was invited by Francis I of France to his court to act as advisor in the construction of the Palace of Fontainebleau. Most of Serlio's buildings were destroyed. In France, only his Château d'Ancy-le-Franc (1544-1550) remains, which Serlio built for Antoine III of Clermont, one of the king's courtiers. This structure is built around a central courtyard, with a three-story elevation, pitched roof, and a square tower marking each corner. Though essentially French in form, the application of the Doric order on the façade and the emphasis on symmetry and simplicity are the hallmarks of Italian construction. Serlio's greatest contribution to architecture was in writing. He published a series of treatises on its various aspects. The first, published in 1537, was Book IV and dealt with the architectural orders, followed by Book III (1540) on ancient monuments, Books I and II (1545) on geometry and perspective, Book V (1547) on churches, the Libro Extraordinario (1551) on gateways, and Book VII (published posthumously in 1575) on accidents architects may suffer. Two versions of Book VI, on domestic architecture, and his Castramentation of the Romans, on Roman encampments, were known until recently only in manuscript form. Book III is of particular value as it was the first publication ever to include woodcuts of ancient Roman buildings, making them available to architects and humanists all over Italy and other parts of Europe. Having been translated into French, Flemish, and German, Serlio's books in general were responsible for disseminating abroad the Italian architectural vocabulary and design principles. Also, the profusion of woodcut illustrations in these books and the short explanatory texts facing them inaugurated a new phase in the architectural treatise genre. Serlio's method in fact inspired Andrea Palladio to approach his Quattro Libri in the same manner.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • SERLIO, Sebastiano — (1475 1554)    Born in Bologna, Sebastiano Serlio worked in Rome for the architect Baldassare Peruzzi until the city was sacked in 1527 by the army of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He then relocated in Venice, where he began writing a series of… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Serlio, Sebastiano — ▪ Italian architect born Sept. 6, 1475, Bologna [Italy] died 1554, Fontainebleau, France       Italian Mannerist architect, painter, and theorist, who introduced the principles of ancient Roman architecture into France.       Trained by his… …   Universalium

  • Serlio, Sebastiano — ► (1475 1554) Arquitecto italiano. Autor de Reglas generales de arquitectura, compendio de sus estudios de los órdenes arquitectónicos y planos de monumentos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Serlio — Serlio, Sebastiano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Serlio — Sebastiano Serlio (* 6. September 1475 in Bologna; † ca. 1554 in Fontainebleau) war ein italienischer Architekt und Architekturtheoretiker. Durch seinen Traktat Sieben Bücher zur Architektur wurde er zum einflussreichsten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sebastiano Serlio — (September 6 1475 ndash; c. 1554) was an Italian Mannerist architect, who was part of the Italian team building the Palace of Fontainebleau. Serlio helped canonize the classical orders of architecture in his influential treatise, I sette libri… …   Wikipedia

  • Sebastiano Serlio — (6 de septiembre de 1475 c. 1554 ) fue un arquitecto manierista italiano que formó parte del equipo italiano que construyó el palacio de Fontainebleau. Ayudó a clasificar los órdenes clásicos de la arquitectura mediante su influyente tratado… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Sebastiano Serlio — (* 6. September 1475 in Bologna; † ca. 1554 in Fontainebleau) war ein italienischer Architekt und Architekturtheoretiker. Durch seinen Traktat Sieben Bücher zur Architektur wurde er zum einflussreichsten Architekturschriftsteller des 16.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia